Yamaha's LMW (Leaning Multi-Wheel) motorcycles are a unique genre with a three-wheel configuration of two front wheels. As the coined words "triple (three)" and "city" suggest, the Tricity series has a strong character as a city commuter and is currently available in three types: 125cc, 155cc, and 300cc. lineup. In this issue, former editor-in-chief of a motorcycle magazine for beginners, Yatagai Hiroaki, reports on a test ride of the eldest Tricity 300. It looks like a fun touring machine!
It has two front wheels. That alone is a big part of its character, but the Tricity 300, the largest of the Tricity series, is the most powerful. In fact, with an overall length of 2,050 mm and an axle distance of 1,595 mm, the Tricity 300 gives the review of being larger than a 250cc big scooter. Parking space for bicycles also needs to be a bit larger due to the front two wheels.
[Selling Price] Blueish Gray Solid 4/Matte Gray Metallic 6/Matte Dark Gray Metallic A: 957,000 yen (including tax) *As of January 2021
Large, spacious position
[Seat height] 795mm The seat height itself isn't too high at 795mm, but the seat is so wide that when you try to put both feet on it, you'll feel like your heels are about 5cm off the ground. However, the newly adopted standing assist dispels such concerns. The seat and other parts of the rear of the motorcycle are the same as the X-Max, and the seat shape is the same. Rider is 172cm tall/75kg.
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The Tricity 300 is the fourth LMW mobility model following the Tricity 125, Tricity 155, and Nyken. The Tricity 300 is the fourth LMW mobility model in the Tricity series, following the Tricity 125, Tricity 155, and Nyken, and is the largest displacement model in the AT Tricity series. The Tricity series, which has gradually increased in displacement from 125cc to 155cc, has always emphasized city commuter-like elements. The Tricity 300, however, is quite a large machine. With a wheelbase of 1595 mm, the Tricity 300's main characteristic is its high level of fun, which gives the driver the sensation of driving a large vehicle like a high-speed tourer.
The most surprising aspect of the motorcycle is the strong ground contact that only the LMW mechanism can provide. Because motorcycles are designed to lean and corner, their stability depends on their grip on the road. However, just having two front wheels gives the motorcycle such a strong sense of security. It's so stable that it makes you wonder, "How can two front wheels make me feel so secure? Let's think about it. If there are two wheels on each side, even if one wheel steps on a wet manhole or floating sand, the other wheel will keep its grip. In other words, it won't slip in a single stroke, so even in wet conditions on a rainy day or when wading through puddles of fallen leaves, it is not affected by road conditions and can be ridden with peace of mind. It is also resistant to crosswinds, less susceptible to the unevenness of the asphalt surface that is common on main roads, and easy to ride for two people.
The Tricity 300 has all the characteristics of the LMW, but with a longer wheelbase and a more supple chassis, it feels great when cornering. Not only does it feel stable, but it is simply fun to drive. According to the project leader in charge of development, the strength and rigidity balance was optimized for stability and suppleness, but the centrifugal force exerted during cornering gives the motorcycle an extra-strong sense of contact with the road and a very strong sense of control. The Tricity series had a strong image of being a city commuter, and fun riding was a secondary concern, but it is a very fun machine for touring.
In addition to these LMW characteristics, the motorcycle is also equipped with ABS to prevent slipping due to excessive braking and traction control to prevent the rear wheel from idling due to excessive acceleration. On any surface, in any weather. It's a bit of an exaggeration to say that, but it will be fun to ride in most road conditions.
LMW & Standing Assist System
LMW stands for Leaning Multi Wheel, and refers to Yamaha vehicles with "three or more wheels" that "lean" and turn in the same manner as motorcycles. Inside, the Tricity 300 features a parallel parallelogram mechanism that interlocks the movement of the left and right wheels. Also new to the Tricity 300 is the Standing Assist System, a function that locks the parallelogram. If used at a standstill, the machine can be made to stand on its own.
The Parallelogram link connects the left and right front forks. These two parallel girder-like parts transform into a parallelogram as the motorcycle leans, allowing the tires to follow the road surface. Its features include the grip and stability that only two front wheels can provide, as well as the strength against disturbing elements such as uneven road surfaces and crosswinds.
The Ackermann geometry, which is also used in the largest displacement model of the LMW, the Nyken, is designed to reduce the effect of the inner wheel difference caused by the tread width of the two front wheels. Its purpose is to compensate for changes. As a result, there is little change in handling while cornering, allowing for a light cornering feel. Incidentally, the larger the left and right tread widths, the more the Ackermann geometry needs to be corrected, so the 125 and 155 Tricity do not have this mechanism.
Simply by dividing the installation surface into left and right, it becomes less susceptible to road conditions. For example, even if one wheel steps on a wet manhole, it won't suddenly start slipping. The only weak point is that there is a lot of water splash thanks to the large tread width on both sides.
The standing assist system, which is the first of its kind on a Yamaha, "assists" the vehicle's independence by mechanically fixing the parallelogram's movement. It's only an assist system, but if you get used to it, you can even take both feet off the ground when the vehicle is stopped.
The standing assist system becomes available when all the following conditions are met: 1. gas pedal fully closed, 2. engine speed below 2,000 rpm, and 3. vehicle speed below 10 km/h. The indicator on the meter flashes to indicate this. If the lever on the left switch box is pulled at this time, the standing assist system will lock the movement of the parallelogram.
This video explains how to use the Standing Assist System and its features. We've even tried using the system in a stop-and-go sequence without having to hold your feet!
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Meters & Lights
LED light sources are used for the headlight, brake, and tail lights. The styling is instantly recognizable as that of the Tricity series, and the volume is a result of the front two-wheel LMW.
[Displayed items] Speed/Engine RPM (bar graph type)/Fuel level/Clock/Odometer/Trip meter x 2/Fuel trip meter/Engine oil trip meter/Engine oil change indicator/V belt trip meter/V belt change indicator/Instantaneous fuel consumption/Average fuel consumption/Traction control system indicator/Outer temperature gauge/Voltmeter
A monochrome LCD panel is used. There are many display elements, and the function that tells you when to change the engine oil and V-belt, which are consumable items, is convenient for daily use when you tend to be riding to and from work. In addition, the traction control system can be turned on and off by looking at the meter.
The engine is the same type as the 249cc X-Max (17kW at 7,000rpm), but with a different stroke, and the Tricity 300 has a displacement of 292cc. The Tricity 300 has a displacement of 292cc. Naturally, this means more power and torque, but LMWs with a front two-wheel mechanism tend to be heavier in general, and the Tricity 300 weighs 237kg. In Japan, the 250cc model is undoubtedly more advantageous in terms of sales due to the vehicle inspection system, but the fact that the company did not go for the 250cc model suggests that the heavy weight of the vehicle was too much for the engine power.
The handlebars are 795mm wide and fully covered, giving the scooter a scooter-like feel, but the console design follows Tricity's seamless design that eliminates the border between the headlight side (outside) and the foot side (inside). The handlebars are rigidly mounted rather than rubber-mounted, as is typical for scooters, for a more direct and sporty handling feel. A large-diameter steering shaft is used for increased torsional rigidity.
Tire size Front: 120/70-14, Rear: 140/70-14 There are four front forks in total, two on each side. Unlike other 3-wheeled motorcycles made by other companies, the telescopic suspension is used instead of the double wishbone or bottom link type, which is the secret behind the light handling. For the tires, the Battlax SC tires were designed and co-developed with Bridgestone specifically for the LMW. These tires have a different balance of rigidity and compound characteristics to those of standard tires, and are designed to provide even better grip, wear resistance, and wet performance.
[Front] Nissin Single Push 1 Pot/Disc x 2 [Rear] Nissin Single Push 1 Pot/Disc (Parking Brake: Drum)
With three tires front and rear, the LMW also has very high stopping power under braking, and braking distances tend to be shorter than on a standard motorcycle. In addition, the Tricity 300 is equipped with ABS for independent control of all three wheels, as well as a Unified Brake System that optimally balances the braking action of the front and rear wheels when the left lever is pressed, allowing anyone to enjoy the powerful braking performance of three wheels at the touch of a lever.
The Tricity 300 is powered by the highly fuel-efficient Blue Core engine, which achieves 38.4 km/L in two-seater fixed-terrain driving and 31.5 km/L in WMTC mode. The average fuel consumption was about 28km/L when I actually drove less than 100km.
The Tricity series is the first to feature a traction control system. The combination of LMW, which provides grip to the front tires, ABS, which prevents the brakes from locking up, and the traction control system, which prevents the rear wheels from slipping down, is a match made in heaven. At the very least, it makes wet roads much less intimidating. Incidentally, the traction control system can also be turned on and off.
[Fuel capacity] 13L The fuel tank has a capacity of 13 liters and is equipped with a refueling port with a smart key unlocking system. Incidentally, when the last bar on the fuel gauge started to flash, the remaining fuel level was 2.5 liters. When the fuel level is low, a fuel trip meter is activated to show how far the vehicle has traveled since the fuel warning.
The pipework and frame components behind the seat hinges are shared with the 250cc scooter X-Max. The backrest is a bit far from the Japanese image, but the anti-slip surface finish is effective and the seat feels good. Y's Gear also offers an optional "low down seat" that lowers the seat by 40mm.
Unlike the other models in the Tricity series, the Tricity 300 has a center tunnel instead of an all-flat step-through floorboard, which is a sign of its sporty body structure. Also, because of its two-wheel front structure, it's difficult to secure a long floorboard, but the Tricity 300 has a long front-to-back space that's not too cramped. Even large riders won't feel cramped for legroom.
Under the seat
The space under the seat with LED light has a capacity of 45L and can hold two helmets. If you only have one helmet, you can fit an A4 size business bag. The seat hinge with smart key unlocking system is dampened for smooth operation.
From getting in the motorcycle to locking the steering wheel, you can turn on the ignition without having to take the key out of your pocket every time./It has a smart key system that allows you to turn off, under the seat & unlock the fuel tank. It also has a warning alarm function to prevent you from forgetting to turn off the ignition and an answer-back function to help you find your motorcycle on the tarmac.
Accessory socket/parking brake
Under the steering wheel, there is a 12V 1A accessory socket on the right and a parking brake on the left. Pulling the lever activates the drum brake in the center of the rear tire.
In addition to the side stand, a center stand is also provided. The standing assist system makes it very easy to set up the center stand, which many people have difficulty doing. In strong winds such as typhoons, using the side stand and the standing assist system together will reduce the risk of the suspension rocking back, making it less likely that the motorcycle will rollover.
[Right] Starter and kill switch/hazard/Meter switching & setting buttons
The configuration is simple and the switches can be operated intuitively. There are no buttons around the meter, and trip switching and resetting can be done by pressing and holding the SEL/RES button on the right switch box, as well as turning traction control on and off using this switch.
Daily use such as commuting to work and school, and holiday touring in this one machine.
The biggest difference between touring as a hobby and daily use is that touring can be stopped if it rains, but commuting to and from work requires riding in inclement weather. the LMW is resistant to such changes in road conditions, and the Tricity 300, equipped with traction control, can be ridden with confidence on any road surface in spring, summer, fall, and winter. With its traction control, the Tricity 300 can be ridden with confidence on any surface, spring, summer, fall, or winter. And as a scooter family, the Tricity 300 comes with 45 liters of "wet" luggage space under the seat. This means you can carry your business tools, or even throw in a travel bag for the occasional day off and go touring. The only problem is that the price is a bit high at 957,000 yen including tax.